It is very suggestive to imagine how it all started. How a human being decided to look at the sky with different eyes, eyes scrutinizers who not only contemplated the firmament, but they were able to go further, and when did it happen this. Immersed in a celestial vault of changing and pilgrim lights, the men must have wondered for its meaning and for its influence on the future of events. The mixture of religious motifs, magic and some primary reasoning gave as a result various scenarios whose testimonies today we know through the archaeological remains found on the face of the Earth. Archaeoastronomy is currently the discipline scientist attempting to illuminate discoveries originally consisted of four circles concentric, a mound in the middle, a moat and two palisades the height of a person. Had also three doors, facing southeast, southwest and north. These remains were first observed from the air by a pilot in 1991, but until 2003 Scientists did not determine the dating of the construction, which was dated to around 4600 BC. An observer located in the central burial mound on the day of the winter solstice (December 21 in the northern hemisphere), you will see the Sun rise through the southeast door and hide by the southwest door. These are separated exactly 100o , angle that corresponded to the opposite positions of the Sun that day at the time when built the circle, scientists have estimated.
Scientists have dated the objects to 1600 BC. C., some thirty-three centuries after Goseck’s remains. The bronze disc weighing approximately two kilos has a diameter that ranges between thirty and one and thirty-two centimeters and a thickness of one millimeter and a half abroad, which is increasing until four and a half inside. It is slightly concave. It is not known what its original color was, it has acquired a greenish tint due to the current coating of copper carbonate.
‘Curved’, and lech, ‘flat stone’), constitute megalithic monuments formed by stones or menhirs nailed on the ground and that they adopt a circular or elliptical shape. The best known is that of Stonehenge, in England. We will begin by commenting on the oldest, the Carnac alignment (4500 BC-2000 BC). The stones that formed it were originally about ten thousand, of which today only about three thousand remain, distributed in four large groups: Le Ménec, Kermario, Kerlescan and Le Petit Menéc. The Le Ménec grouping is made up of 1099 menhirs arranged in eleven hundred meter rows BH ASTRONOMIA.indd 24 2/22/2013 1:46:49 PM 26 Angel R. Cardona As we discussed earlier, the chromlech The most representative is that of Stonehenge, located in the Salisbury Limestone Plain, County of Wiltshire, to about a hundred kilometers west of London, in England. It is one of the most fascinating constructions of history, not only because of its origin, antiquity or complexity, but also because of the enigmas that it still poses to us today. researchers. Its purpose is unknown, although it might well have could be used as a religious temple, monument funeral, astronomical complex to predict seasons or even for all these functions.