Finally, and as a further reflection of the influence they attributed to celestial events on their daily life and on its journey after death, it is worthy of mention the fact that the roofs of many of the Pharaonic tombs found in the Valley of the Kings are adorned with astronomical motifs.
erecta – and the pole star, which they used as a point of orientation. Almost all Mayan temples have astronomical alignments. Maybe the most important is the one located in Chichen Itzá (Yucatan peninsula) and is known as El Caracol or El Observatory, a building that resembles a modern astronomical observatory, with interior stairs in the shape of a snail, which was built and rebuilt over and over again during its usage time, which stands between 800 and 1200 AD. C. Contains a tower cylindrical in whose structure is a small vaulted chamber that was used as an observatory. The tower is located on two large platforms rectangular; the upper chamber has openings squares by means of which the sunset during the vernal equinox and the of autumn, and the setting of the Moon on the same dates. The most well-known archaeoastronomical monument of the Mayan civilization is, without a doubt, the Pyramid of Kukulkán, in Chitchen Itzá, also known as The Castle. This construction demonstrates the deep knowledge of mathematics, geometry and astronomy that the Mayans owned. Built around the 9th century our era, it is small in size in comparison
The Inca civilization spread through what today are Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, southern Colombia, northern Argentina and Chile, and the Eastern Andes, between the years 1100 and 1532. Like the rest of the pre-Columbian cultures developed an important study astronomical of the movements of the Sun, Moon and planets The inhabitants of that civilization were by triangular and trapezoidal figures, even complex drawings depicting animals, humans, and floors. The set of drawings covers a surface of about four hundred and fifty square kilometers. TO these types of figures are also called geoglyphs. The most curious of these lines, in addition to its complex traced, is that on land they go unnoticed and are only visible from the air, at a height of more than two hundred meters.
the constellation of Taurus. This stellar catastrophe too reflected by Chinese astronomers, who report that was four times brighter than Venus and it turned out visible to the naked eye in the sky for twenty-three days, even in bright light. Its remains today form the so-called Crab Nebula.